Successful Academic Writing: Paragraphs
What is a Paragraph?:
- A number of sentences focusing on one main midea.
- Physically easily to identify.
- Backed with sustained evidence and examples.
- Writing structured Paragraphs must have:
- The Format Style
- Correct Punctuation.
- A distinct section in a piece of writing.
- A number of related sentences.
- One main idea - single focus.
- Cohesion: well organised
Parts of a Paragraph: English Academic Writing:
- Topic Sentence: Introduce the subject
- Body: Supported with arguments by:
- Importance: degree
- Chronologically: order of events
- Closing sentence: remind the audience:
- Keep your audience thinking
Types of Paragraphs:
- By listing: Introduction+developer+modulator+terminator
- By examples: Introduction+example+example
- By comparison:
- By contrast
- By definition:
Genres of Paragraphs:
- Fiction or non-fiction:
- Narrative: Used to tell a sequence of events
- Descriptive: to describe a scene
- Expository: To provide information
- Persuasive: To convince others about something
Qualities of Successful Paragraphs:
- Topic sentence: states the main idea
- Topic sentence: Deconstruction:
- Topic: Subject of the paragraph
- Controlling Idea: specific comment about the subject based on “Wh questions”: Who? What? Where? When? Why?
Position of the Topic Sentence:
- Start the paragraph with the topic sentence:Helps the reader to identify the topic
- To be creative: The Topic sentence can be elsewhere in the paragraph.
- Coherence: How all the sentences fit together: Logical bridges from one sentence to the other.
- Repetition of key words
- Use synonyms
- Use pronouns
- Use transition words
Development: Supporting evidences
- Examples of the topics
Parts of a Paragraph/ T E E Rule: T.S. + Explanation + Evidence:
- Topic Sentence: What?: Gold, a precious metal, is prized for 3 important characteristics
- Evidence: How?:
- Roman Coins
- Space Techno
Differences between Introduction and Conclusion:
- State the topic of assignment and comment on its importance
- State the Main Argument
- Specify How you intend to answer the question
- Summarise the main points
- State main conclusions
- Satisfy the reader
- Give something the reader to think about
- DO NOT end with a quotation
- DO NOT introduce new material
- DO NOT end with a generalisation
Parts of a Paragraph:
AlexESLvid (2009). Parts of a Paragraph. [ONLINE] Retrived from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=cCuExRE6N-4#!. [Last Accessed 30 May 2013].
Cage, K. (2012). Writing a Paragraph. Retrived from: http://www.massey.ac.nz/massey/fms/Student%20services/Student%20Learning%20Development%20Service/Documents/Albany/Brochures/Assignment%20Writing/Writing%20a%20paragraph.pdf. [Last Accessed 31 May 2013].
Fos, María SoledadMoyano, Federico E.