jueves, 30 de mayo de 2013

Entry# 6 Structured Paragraph Writing

Successful Academic Writing: Paragraphs

What is a Paragraph?:

  • A number of sentences focusing on one main midea.
  • Physically easily to identify.
  • Backed with sustained evidence and examples.
  • Writing structured Paragraphs must have:
    1. The Format Style
    2. Correct Punctuation.
    3. Paragraphing:
      • A distinct section in a piece of writing.
      • A number of related sentences.
      • One main idea - single focus.
      • Cohesion: well organised
Parts of a Paragraph: English Academic Writing:
  • Topic Sentence: Introduce the subject
  • Body: Supported with arguments by:
          • Importance: degree
          • Chronologically: order of events
  • Closing sentence: remind the audience:
          • Re-state
          • Keep your audience thinking
Types of Paragraphs:

  • By listing: Introduction+developer+modulator+terminator
  • By examples: Introduction+example+example
  • By comparison:
  • By contrast
  • By definition:

Genres of Paragraphs:
  • Fiction or non-fiction:
      1. Narrative: Used to tell a sequence of events
      2. Descriptive: to describe a scene
      3. Expository: To provide information
      4. Persuasive: To convince others about something

Qualities of Successful Paragraphs:
  1. Unity:
  • Topic sentence: states the main idea
  • Topic sentence: Deconstruction:
    1. Topic: Subject of the paragraph
    2. Controlling Idea: specific comment about the subject based on “Wh questions”: Who? What? Where? When? Why?
  • Position of the Topic Sentence:
      1. Start the paragraph with the topic sentence:Helps the reader to identify the topic
      2. To be creative: The Topic sentence can be elsewhere in the paragraph.
  1. Coherence: How all the sentences fit together: Logical bridges from one sentence to the other.
    • Repetition of key words
    • Use synonyms
    • Use pronouns
    • Use transition words
  2. Development: Supporting evidences
    • Examples of the topics
Parts of a Paragraph/ T E E Rule: T.S. + Explanation + Evidence:
  • Topic Sentence: What?: Gold, a precious metal, is prized for 3 important characteristics
  • Explanation:Why?:
    1. Beauty
    2. Durability
    3. Utility
  • Evidence: How?:
    1. Jewellry
    2. Roman Coins
    3. Space Techno
Differences between Introduction and Conclusion:
  1. Introductory:
    • State the topic of assignment and comment on its importance
    • State the Main Argument
    • Specify How you intend to answer the question
  2. Concluding:
    • Summarise the main points
    • State main conclusions
    • Satisfy the reader
    • Give something the reader to think about
    • DO NOT end with a quotation
    • DO NOT introduce new material
    • DO NOT end with a generalisation
Parts of a Paragraph:


AlexESLvid (2009). Parts of a Paragraph. [ONLINE] Retrived from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=cCuExRE6N-4#!. [Last Accessed 30 May 2013].

Cage, K. (2012). Writing a Paragraph. Retrived from: http://www.massey.ac.nz/massey/fms/Student%20services/Student%20Learning%20Development%20Service/Documents/Albany/Brochures/Assignment%20Writing/Writing%20a%20paragraph.pdf. [Last Accessed 31 May 2013].


Fos, María Soledad
Moyano, Federico E.

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